The ketogenic diet, often referred to as the keto diet, is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that has gained popularity in recent years as a way to lose weight and improve overall health.

The goal of the keto diet is to enter a state of ketosis, where the body switches from using glucose as its primary fuel source to using ketones produced from fat. To achieve this, the diet typically restricts carbohydrate intake to around 20-50 grams per day and increases fat intake to make up the majority of daily calories.

Foods that are typically consumed on a keto diet include meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and non-starchy vegetables. Foods that are avoided include grains, sugar, high-carb fruits, and most processed foods.

While the keto diet has been shown to be effective for weight loss and improving certain health markers, it is not recommended for everyone. Individuals with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or kidney disease, should avoid the keto diet or consult with a healthcare provider before starting it. Additionally, the diet can be challenging to maintain long-term and may lead to nutrient deficiencies if not followed carefully.